Here too, trade is a social act. Anyone who agrees to sell to the public any description of the goods does what harms the interests of other people and society at large; and therefore his behaviour is fundamentally the responsibility of society… Both good quality and good quality of goods are most effective when producers and sellers are left completely free, under the same cheque of the same freedom vis-à-vis buyers to source elsewhere. This is the so-called doctrine of free trade, which is based on other reasons than, although equally solid, with the principle of individual freedom affirmed in this essay. Trade restrictions or restrictions on commercial production are indeed restrictions; and all restraint, restraint, is an evil…  The history of competition law dates back to the Roman Empire. The business practices of traders, guilds and governments have always been subject to sometimes severe scrutiny and sanctions. Since the 20th century, competition law has become global.  The two most important and influential competition regulatory systems are U.S.
competition rules and EU competition law. National and regional competition authorities around the world have established international support and enforcement networks. It then examines the impact of rules on horizontal agreements (between competing companies operating at the same level of the production and distribution chain, for example. B Coca-Cola and Pepsi), vertical agreements (between companies at different levels of the production and distribution chain, for example. B Pepsi and Tesco), the pricing and non-price practices of powerful companies (those that are in a dominant position in their market) and mergers. For example: other agreements (written or otherwise) that may be anti-competitive depending on the circumstances: the agreement refers to an explicit or implied agreement between companies that normally compete for mutual benefit. Agreements to restrict competition can deal with issues such as prices, production, markets and customers. These types of agreements are often equated with the formation of agreements or agreements and are treated in most jurisdictions as violations of competition law because they increase prices, limit production and have other adverse economic consequences. In addition, under existing national competition law, people involved in international cartels, such as .
B activities in the United States, could also expect extradition and criminal prosecution. For example, a company may refuse to deliver to a particular customer on the basis of its poor credit quality, which would be tantamount to protecting legitimate business interests and therefore does not constitute abusive behaviour within the meaning of Chapter II or Section 102.