Our starting point for this study is to identify the literature relevant to the study of PA and to motivate our selection. Section 2 provided an overview of the PA`s mechanisms as described in the PA text, its accompanying decisions and the regulatory framework negotiated at COP24 in Katowice last December. We use this list of mechanisms to iteratively develop a search for the Web of Science and Scopus platforms and identify in the complete databases any document referring to the Paris Agreement (or an associated synonym) or to one of the identified mechanisms (or a shortcut to this mechanism) (see the verification protocol for the Boolean research used published in the complementary documents). We use a list of reference articles compiled by expert advice to verify the completeness of our search strategy. Whoever wins the US presidential election, the US officially withdraws from the Paris climate agreement on 4 November. Mitigation Action Plans & Scenarios, Cape Town, South Africa, p. 26 With regard to environmental efficiency, the PA relies entirely on national and non-governmental measures to achieve its objectives. Even under an institutionally effective agreement, the commitments presented and implemented may not be ambitious enough to achieve the objectives of the PA and civil society, and non-governmental measures may not be able to fill this gap.6 Indeed, current ambitions fall far short of what is needed to achieve the objectives of the Paris Agreement, the literature highlights in detail the lack of ambition. not only in existing NDTs, but also citing a general lack of funding and the withdrawal of the United States as the main obstacles to effectiveness. To ensure effective and secure participation, a global agreement on climate change must be seen as fair by the countries concerned.
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